IT40 Information, DIY & News for 02/12/2019


#1 Sub-brands are the new weapon in China’s smartphone war

One of China's top smartphone brands Vivo appears to have joined its fellows Oppo, Huawei and Xiaomi in setting up a new sub-brand as a softening market and heightened competition at home drive players to venture upon their original reach.

A new smartphone brand called iQoo made its debut on Weibo, China's answer to Twitter, on Tuesday by greeting in English: "Hello, this is iQoo." It also playfully encouraged people to guess how its name is pronounced, as the spelling doesn't resonate with either Chinese or English speakers. Vivo immediately reposted iQoo's message, calling iQoo a "new friend."

Vivo has not further revealed its ties with iQoo, although the latter's Weibo account is verified under Vivo's corporate name. TechCrunch has contacted Vivo and will update the story when we have more information.

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Sub-brands have become a popular tactic for Chinese smartphone makers to lure new demographics without undermining and muddling their existing brand reputation. As the third-ranked player by shipments in 2018 according to research firm Counterpoint, Vivo is the only one in China's top five smartphone companies without a subsidiary brand.

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We're going ape for this newly discovered primate! But even though it's new to science, the Tapanuli orangutan species is actually older than both Bornean and Sumatran orangutans. This great ape is found only in one mountainous forest on the island of Sumatra. Its bone structure and its calls are different from those of other orangutans.



What separates the newly identified Central African slender-snouted crocodile and the West African slender-snouted crocodile? Only about eight million years! Scientists think these species split into two when volcanoes arose in Cameroon. Now the central African croc has softer and smoother scales than the West African croc, plus it lacks the bony crests on its skull that its cousin has.




When scientists discovered this two-inch-long amphipod in the Antarctic Ocean, they thought it resembled the famous hunchback Quasimodo from Victor Hugo’s The Hunchback of Notre Dame. See the resemblance? To a penguin, these small crustaceans look like something else ... food! This critter is one of 26 species of amphipods found this year.


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#3 A new fabric becomes more breathable as you work up a sweat

Fibers in the textile collapse or expand based on skin moisture

11:05AM, FEBRUARY 8, 2019
breathable fabric

ADAPTABLE FABRIC  Material knitted from special humidity-responsive yarn becomes more insulating or breathable, depending on how much you’re sweating.

Someday, the same shirt could be part of your summer and winter wardrobe, using fabric that alternates between breathable and insulating.

Unlike other heat-accommodating cloth, which has to be flipped inside out to switch from warm to cool (SN: 2/17/18, p. 5), the new dual-use fabric adapts to how much the wearer is sweating. This material may be useful for making sportswear or clothing for babies who can’t articulate when they’re too hot or too cold, says study coauthor YuHuang Wang, a chemist at the University of Maryland in College Park.

The fabric, described in the Feb. 8 Science, is knitted from yarn composed of many polymer fibers coated in tiny, carbon nanotubes. The closer these nanotubes are together, the better the fabric conducts the heat a person’s body sheds as infrared radiation.

Under cool, dry conditions, the fibers are loosely wound, and the fabric traps much of the heat radiating off the wearer's body. But if the person starts to sweat, that humidity causes the polymer fibers in the yarn to constrict into tight bundles. This brings the carbon nanotubes on neighboring fibers closer together, making the material more breathable.

fabric fibers

TIGHTEN UP When it’s cool and dry, fibers inside a new type of fabric are loose (as seen in the fluorescent microscopy image on the left) and trap heat. Under hotter conditions, the fibers constrict (right), allowing heat to escape.


Wang and colleagues found that increasing the humidity inside a chamber containing a piece of the fabric could increase the amount of heat that passed through the material up to about 35 percent. The fabric’s dependence on water in the surrounding air means that even on a cool, muggy day when the user isn’t necessarily sweating, humidity in the surrounding air could make the fabric less insulating. In the future, Wang imagines making the yarn fibers with materials that respond directly to temperature changes, so the fabric can accommodate a person’s skin temperature as well as sweat levels.

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#4 Erectile dysfunction destroying your sex life? Here’s how to get it back


Keith* and I met in our late 40s at turning points in our lives. We were both newly divorced and our children had left for college. In my first marriage sex was always a struggle, and my ex accused me of having a low libido. But when I started dating Keith, I realized that I wasn’t the "problem." We traveled a lot together and had sex at every opportunity: on a friend's bed at a dinner party, in restaurant bathrooms, even outside in a park!

We got married in a small ceremony attended by our kids and close friends. From the start, our relationship was always very passionate, but as we entered our late 50s—I’m 56 and Keith is 59—our sex life slowed down. Keith's erectile dysfunction was a huge reason why.

I would never say that in front of Keith, and even now that we've gotten to a place where we can discuss what's been going on for the past two years, I still wouldn't use the term "erectile dysfunction." I think a man's ego is very tied to his ability to perform in bed.

At first, Keith didn't want to admit there was a problem. When we would try to make love and he couldn't stay hard, he would use being stressed out or tired as an excuse. Since he works a lot, I thought those were real possibilities. But when the problem continued, I started to wonder if he was still attracted to me.

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#5 How to Add Text to a Video on Android

In this Article:Adding a Title CardAdding a Text BoxCommunity Q&A

This wikiHow teaches you how to add a custom text box to a video clip as a title card, using Android. You will have to download and install a free, third-party video editing software from the Play Store.


Adding a Title Card

  1. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 1

    Download and install the FilmoraGo app from the Play Store. Tap the
    Image titled Androidgoogleplay.png

    icon to open the Play Store, search FilmoraGo, and tap INSTALL to download it on your phone or tablet.

    • Feel free to check out this article for further help on downloading an app from the Play Store.
  2. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 2

    Open the FilmoraGo app on your Android. Tap the green OPEN button on the download page, or find and tap the app icon on your Apps menu.
    • When you first open the app, you will have to agree to Filmora's Privacy Policy. Tap AGREE to proceed.
  3. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 3

    Tap the CREATE NEW VIDEO button. It looks like a "+" icon in the middle of the screen.
  4. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 4

    Select the video you want to edit. You can select any video clip from your Android's gallery here.
  5. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 5

    Trim your video (optional). Use the timeline handles to select what part of the video you want to use. You can include the entire clip, or select a small portion here.
    • Tap Add when you're done trimming.
  6. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 6

    Scroll down the right panel and tap Edit Tools. This will open a toolbar at the bottom of your screen.
  7. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 7

    Swipe through the bottom options and tap Titles. This will open a list of available text styles you can use.
  8. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 8

    Tap the text style you want to use. Tapping a style here will add a text box on your video.
  9. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 9

    Tap the placeholder text box on your video. The placeholder text reads "TAP TO ADD TITLE."
  10. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 10

    Enter your own text into the text box. Your text will appear in your selected title style.
    • Tap OKAY on the top-right to save your title text.
  11. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 11

    Tap SAVE on the top-right. It looks like an orange disk icon in the upper-right corner of your screen. This will save your video with the new title card on it.
    • You can select Save to Camera Roll or Save to Gallery to save a copy to your Android's Gallery app.


Adding a Text Box

  1. 1

    Open the FilmoraGo app on your Android. Find and tap the Filmora icon on your Apps menu to open the app.
    • If you don't already have FilmoraGo installed, you can download it from the Google Play Store.
  2. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 3

    Tap CREATE NEW VIDEO. This button looks like a "+" icon in the middle of your screen.
  3. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 4

    Select the video you want to edit. You can select any of your saved videos from your Android's gallery.
  4. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 6

    Scroll down the right panel and tap Edit Tools. This will open the editing toolbar at the bottom of your screen.
  5. 5

    Swipe through the bottom options and tap Subtitle. This option will allow you to add a text box on your video, and customize it however you want.
  6. 6

    Tap the red + button on the bottom-left. This will create a new text box on your video, and list the available subtitle animations on the left sidebar.
  7. 7

    Tap the text box on the video. This will allow you to enter your own text.
    • If you want to edit your text again, just tap on the text box.
  8. 8

    Enter your own text into the text box. Your text will replace the placeholder text on the video.
  9. 9

    Tap the Font tab above your keyboard. This will open a list of all the available fonts you can use.
    • Tap a font here to use it on your text.
  10. 10

    Select a text alignment position on the bottom-left. Use the alignment icons in the lower-left corner of your screen to center your text, or justify it to either side.
  11. 11

    Tap the Color tab above your keyboard. This will open a list of colors you can apply to your text.
  12. 12

    Tap the color you want to use. Swipe through the color options at the bottom of your screen, and tap a color to see how it looks with your text.
  13. 13

    Tap OKAY on the top-right. This will save your changes, and add your text into the text box on your video.
  14. 14

    Tap and drag the text box to move it around. You can move the text box anywhere on the video.
    • If you don't like the way your text looks, you can remove the text box by tapping the blue "X" button on your text's top-left corner.
  15. 15

    Drag the two-arrows icon at the bottom of your textbox. You can drag it in and out to make your text bigger or smaller on the screen.
  16. 16

    Select an animation from the left sidebar. Tap one of the subtitle animations on the left sidebar to preview it on your text.
    • If you don't want any animations, select NONE here.
  17. 17

    Tap OKAY on the top-right. This will save your text on the video project.
    • Tap OKAY again to save all your edits to your project.
  18. Image titled Add Text to a Video on Android Step 11

    Tap SAVE on the top-right. It looks like an orange disk icon in the upper-right corner. This will allow you to save your video with your new text box on it.
    • Select Save to Camera Roll or Save to Gallery to save a copy to your Gallery app.

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#6 Virtual reality therapy has real-life benefits for some mental disorders

ERASING FEAR  Confronting phobias, post-traumatic stress and other mental disorders may become possible for more people as virtual reality therapy goes mainstream.

Jamie Jacob

Edwin adjusted his headset and gripped the game controller in both hands. He swallowed hard. The man had good reason to be nervous. He was about to enter a virtual environment tailor-made to get his heart pumping way more than any action-packed video game: a coffee shop full of people.

Determined to overcome his persistent fear that other people want to hurt him, Edwin had enrolled in a study of a new virtual reality therapy. The research aimed to help people with paranoia become more comfortable in public places. In this program, described in March in the Lancet Psychiatry, Edwin could visit a store or board a crowded bus.

Virtual strangers can be scary, just like real people. Edwin, who had been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, often found simple errands like grocery shopping overwhelming and exhausting.

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#7 Brain-zapping implants that fight depression are inching closer to reality

MOOD CHANGER  Neural activity in certain areas of the brain (brightly colored strands show connections emanating from those regions) can be measured to decode mood.

O.G. Sani and M.M. Shanechi/Shanechi Lab

Like seismic sensors planted in quiet ground, hundreds of tiny electrodes rested in the outer layer of the 44-year-old woman’s brain. These sensors, each slightly larger than a sesame seed, had been implanted under her skull to listen for the first rumblings of epileptic seizures.

The electrodes gave researchers unprecedented access to the patient’s brain. With the woman’s permission, scientists at the University of California, San Francisco began using those electrodes to do more than listen; they kicked off tiny electrical earthquakes at different spots in her brain.

Most of the electrical pulses went completely unnoticed by the patient. But researchers finally got the effect they were hunting for by targeting the brain area just behind her eyes. Asked how she felt, the woman answered: “Calmer in my nerves.”

... To Read more, please click here

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#8 Top 10 things to know about the Day of the Dead

Over 500 woman gathered in Mexico City on November 1, 2014, to set a Guiness World Record for the largest gathering of women dressed as Catrina.

Here’s one thing we know: Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, is not a Mexican version of Halloween. Though related, the two annual events differ greatly in traditions and tone. Whereas Halloween is a dark night of terror and mischief, Day of the Dead festivities unfold over two days in an explosion of color and life-affirming joy. Sure, the theme is death, but the point is to demonstrate love and respect for deceased family members. In towns and cities throughout Mexico, revelers don funky makeup and costumes, hold parades and parties, sing and dance, and make offerings to lost loved ones.

The rituals are rife with symbolic meaning. The more you understand about this feast for the senses, the more you will appreciate it. Here are 10 essential things you should know about Mexico’s most colorful annual event. [See more stunning photos from Day of the Dead celebrations.]

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#9 How to Download Torrents

Download computer button

Rob Atkins/The Image Bank/Getty Images

While file sharing is controversial and often accused of being "music piracy," millions of internet users continue to share their files and download files from others, and thousands of new torrent users are added every day.

Before getting started, install reliable anti-virus software on your computer to thwart any viruses you may get while torrenting. Then, read the articles below in order from top to bottom.

Important Reminder About the Legality of Torrents 

In short: not all torrents are legal, and you could be reprimanded for downloading illegal content.

There are lots of illegal files floating around through torrents. It's important to remind yourself that just because the torrent downloads themselves are free, it does not mean that the torrent data you're downloading is free from copyright. Some countries have laws protecting copyright holders, so that should be considered before downloading torrents.

Not all torrents infringe on copyright laws; there are tons of free images, movies, music and documents that you can share with an unlimited number of people for free. However, it's also really easy to share and download other data too, which might be considered illegal.

Torrents 101: Understand How Bittorrent File Sharing Works

If you are new to torrent downloading, then you will definitely want to read about how the system works.

Torrents (.TORRENT files and magnet links) are pointer files that help torrent software locate the computers of other users who are sharing that specific file or group of files that you're wanting to download.

With the torrent file, you can then tell the software to connect to those private computers for copying their music, movies, documents etc, to your own computer.

Torrent Software: How to Use Torrents

Torrent downloading requires special software that can read the .TORRENT file or magnet link. These torrent software products also need to provide management control over download and upload speeds, priorities, and cataloging.

Torrent programs aren't just downloadable tools that work from your desktop. You can also download torrents through your web browser so that you can access the files anywhere and sometimes even stream media files without downloading them.

Once you understand torrent swarming and have the right torrent software or online service necessary for using the torrent data, it's time to find the right pointer files that will get you the files you're after.

Nearly all torrent sites are easy enough to use because you can search through their database pretty quickly or browse relevant categories, though some might be littered with advertisements. Other torrent sites are much cleaner private communities that closely guard their catalog of torrents.


Sadly, there are vandals, thieves and scammers out there who use phony torrent files to put malware on your computer. By disguising their nasty software as attractive movies and music downloads, these scammers seek to deceive you into installing their stuff.

A few of the ways files masquerade as healthy torrents is through RARWAV and password protected files.

Another is by renaming a file from something seemingly harmless like videofile.mp4to videofile.mp4.exe. Instead of an MP4 video, this particular file is an EXE file that can cause serious damage to your computer.

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